https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/issue/feed Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Экономика 2018-12-13T20:49:02+03:00 Валерий Викторович Ковалев vk48@list.ru Open Journal Systems <p><strong>«Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Экономика»</strong> — научно-теоретический рецензируемый журнал, обобщающий результаты исследований ученых всего мира в различных областях науки, включая мировую экономику, историю развития экономики и экономической мысли, финансы, кредит и страхование, теорию и практику управления, статистику и учет, экономико-математическое моделирование.</p> https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3169 Мировой финансовый кризис и экономика России: точка разворота? 2018-12-13T20:48:59+03:00 Виктор Тимофеевич Рязанов v.rjazanov@econ.pu.ru <p>The article reveals the most important features of the present world crisis. The author&nbsp;analyzes possible causes of the crisis and considers that the central cause is dominating model&nbsp;of the global financial capitalism. The special attention is paid to crisis processes in the Russian&nbsp;economy, as well as their effects on prospective economic development of the country. Further,&nbsp;the author analyzes some crisis management actions and their role in the changes of economic&nbsp;model.</p> 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3171 Некоторые особенности переноса теоретических знаний в реальную экономику (на примере рынка капитала) 2018-12-13T20:48:59+03:00 Алексей Владимирович Воронцовский a.voronsovskiy@econ.pu.ru <p>This paper is dedicated to the problem of theoretical knowledge transfer into the real&nbsp;economy. On the basis of analysis of capital market models assumptions and experimental testing&nbsp;of the results, we show the absence of univocal correspondence between the models premises&nbsp;and the real practice in some basic types of models. Also, we note frequent application of model&nbsp;conclusions in practice at financial markets. We find that the possibilities of economic knowledge&nbsp;transfer into the real economy are connected to a greater extent with information sources&nbsp;simplicity and accessibility and frequent using of recommendations and models conclusions and to a less extent with the correspondence between theoretical model assumptions and real&nbsp;practice.&nbsp;</p> 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3172 Актуальные проблемы финансирования российской высшей школы на современном этапе 2018-12-13T20:48:59+03:00 Владимир Георгиевич Халин v.halin@econ.pu.ru <p>The paper studies the present strategy and practice of Higher Education funding in Russia.&nbsp;General indicators of the financing process are surveyed; both existing and newly introduced&nbsp;remuneration systems for teaching stuff are analyzed. Master’s programs funding schemes are&nbsp;examined.</p> 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3173 Научная и педагогическая деятельность М. И. Туган-Барановского в Санкт-Петербурге (1893–1917) 2018-12-13T20:48:59+03:00 Леонид Дмитриевич Широкорад shirokorad@econ.pu.ru <p>The article deals with M. I. Tugan-Baranovsky’s scientific and teaching activities&nbsp;in St. Petersburg. The author gives a special attention to description of M.I. Tugan-Baranovsky’s&nbsp;pedagogical activity in that University, and to his interrelations with his colleagues, students,&nbsp;officials. The author considers M.I. Tugan-Baranovsky’s work at his theses, his participation in&nbsp;discussions in the Free Economic Society, and comments of outstanding Russian economists&nbsp;on his scientific works.</p> 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3175 Стратегия развития внешней торговли Китая: эволюция и проблемы регулирования 2018-12-13T20:49:00+03:00 Вэйди Чжоу worldec@econ.pu.ru <p>In 2004, the total foreign trade amount of China for the first time stepped over 1000&nbsp;billion US$, what makes China the third one in the world foreign trade next to America and&nbsp;Germany. Foreign trade growth has made a tremendous contribution to China’s economic&nbsp;development. Significant growth of Chinese international trade has been based based upon the&nbsp;huge investments of resources, so China still facing many problems: increasing trade conflicts,&nbsp;sharpening energy issues, dominating low value added operations. Therefore, in order to become&nbsp;a trade powerful country, China should adjust its international trade strategy.</p> 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3252 Роль транспорта в экономическом развитии региона: международный аспект 2018-12-13T20:48:59+03:00 Елена Глебовна Ефимова worldec@econ.pu.ru <p>The article deals with the complex influence of the transport system on the regional economy.&nbsp;The transport infrastructure provides mobility of goods and resources. It also facilitates&nbsp;accessibility of territories by means of free movement of finished goods, material resources and&nbsp;the labour. In turn, regional economic development is the main gear of the transport market&nbsp;development. Changes in the industrial structure as well as increasing internationalization of&nbsp;business influence the mode of infrastructure exploitation.</p> 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3253 Особенности инвестиционной деятельности страховой организации 2018-12-13T20:49:00+03:00 Галина Васильевна Чернова insur@econ.pu.ru <p>The author proposes the model of investment portfolio formation in the insurance company.&nbsp;The portfolio management focuses on the main principles of investment activities in the&nbsp;insurance company: reliability, profitability, liquidity, subordination. Investment portfolio&nbsp;formation in the insurance company is among all depended on the assets structure, as keeping&nbsp;correspondence between certain assets groups and insurance liabilities fulfillment.</p> 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3257 Формирование частного капитала некоммерческой организации 2018-12-13T20:49:00+03:00 Светлана Владимировна Соколова tour@econ.pu.ru Борис Иванович Соколов tcfm@econ.pu.ru <p>The paper considers main functions of the endowment and legal bases of its foundation, management&nbsp;and spending. Interests of private business and non-profit organizations are revealed.&nbsp;The paper contains a model and the analysis of world experience of the endowment functioning.&nbsp;It shows the problems appearing in the process of fund raising and spending, and through&nbsp;harmonization of the counterparts’ interests.</p> 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3258 Простая модель обмена: номинальная и ценностная структуры агрегированных экономических благ 2018-12-13T20:49:00+03:00 Дмитрий Николаевич Колесов etep@econ.pu.ru Дмитрий Александрович Ненашев cyber@econ.pu.ru Николай Васильевич Хованов n.khovanov@econ.pu.ru <p>Notions of nominal and value structures of aggregated economic goods are defined. Effects&nbsp;of fixing these structures on variation-indices of exchange-value indicators are analyzed. Dynamics&nbsp;of nominal and value structures of SDR (Special Drawing Rights) and of SAC (Stable&nbsp;Aggregated Currency) are displayed by times series of variation-indices of exchange-value&nbsp;indicators values for the time-period from January 1, 2006 till June 30, 2008.</p> 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3267 Метод рандомизированных траекторий в задачах прогнозирования динамики экономических показателей 2018-12-13T20:49:00+03:00 Михаил Витальевич Михайлов m.mikhailov@econ.pu.ru Николай Васильевич Хованов n.khovanov@econ.pu.ru Людмила Анатольевна Чудовская lachud@mail.ru <p>On the base of stochastic processes with equally probable realizations theory, the randomized&nbsp;trajectories method is developed, which being a tool for forecasting economic parameters values.&nbsp;The method allows to receive specified numerical estimations on the basis of non-numerical&nbsp;ordinal and other additional information on economic parameters. The potential of the method&nbsp;developed is demonstrated by the example of forecasting bond’s price dynamics.</p> 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3271 О рекомендациях 2-й Всероссийской научно-методической конференции «Магистратура: состояние и перспективы» 2018-12-13T20:49:00+03:00 Геннадий Григорьевич Богомазов echistmailbox@econ.pu.ru 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3292 Проблемы введения в вузах министерских программ 2018-12-13T20:49:00+03:00 Юрий Борисович Васенёв vjb@edu.spbu.ru <p>The paper considers the current state of Master’s programs in the Russian Higher Education&nbsp; and prospects of their development in the nearest time, in the light of introducing new&nbsp;educational standards. It is shown that in the learning process, a professor and a student are&nbsp;creating value added which enlarges student’s human capital. The system of the quality control&nbsp;of Master’s programs is described.</p> 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3294 Экономическая политика: теоретические основы и опыт преподавания 2018-12-13T20:49:01+03:00 Феликс Федорович Рыбаков etep@econ.pu.ru <p>The article turns to the economic policy and its components. Special attention is paid&nbsp;to the structure of the Master’s program «Applied macroeconomics and economic policy». Having&nbsp;critically analyzed different interpretations of the economic policy, the author has attempted&nbsp;to structure its constituent parts hierarchically. The author suggests his own structure for the Master’s&nbsp;programs, formed up with the due account taken of his personal 10-year teaching experience.</p> 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3295 О повышении уровня теоретической и методологической подготовки бакалавров и магистров 2018-12-13T20:49:01+03:00 Николай Дмитриевич Колесов etep@econ.pu.ru <p>The article is devoted to analysis of the current condition of theoretical and methodological&nbsp;training of students-economists. The author assumes that the training does not meet requirements&nbsp;needed for preparing qualified specialists in the field of economics. The author believes&nbsp;that it has place because of taking away the course of Political Economy from the Universities&nbsp;curricula. On the author opinion, the course of Economics which is widely lectured now in&nbsp;Universities, is not a worthy alternative to Political Economy. In this regard, he makes particular&nbsp;recommendations in order to significantly raise general scientific level of universities&nbsp;and faculties graduates.</p> 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3296 О математической подготовке в магистерских программах по направлению «Экономика» 2018-12-13T20:49:01+03:00 Дмитрий Николаевич Колесов d.kolesov@econ.pu.ru <p>The article is devoted to specificity of mathematical background of students in transition to the&nbsp;bachelor-master system. The author considers objectives of mathematical training, general tendencies&nbsp;developing in economic-mathematical education, and specific factors, caused by the division of&nbsp;Higher Education system into two levels. In the analysis of general tendencies, special attention is&nbsp;given to changes in the application field and tools of mathematical methods. In the specific analysis,&nbsp;unification and standardization of economic training are to be essential. The article is written on&nbsp;the materials of the Conference held at the Economic Faculty of Saint Petersburg State University,&nbsp;however, it is of importance for all economic faculties implementing bachelor-master system.</p> 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3297 Опыт комплексной оценки качества подготовки магистров 2018-12-13T20:49:01+03:00 Геннадий Евгеньевич Алпатов alpatov07@rambler.ru 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3298 Проблемы развития высшей школы и подготовки магистров на основе концепции добавленной стоимости 2018-12-13T20:49:01+03:00 Юрий Алексеевич Маленков m800@list.ru <p>The article deals with the challenging problems of Master’s training in Russia, Higher Education&nbsp;reform and directions of its development. Limitations of some approaches to creating national&nbsp;education standards of Higher qualified education in the field of Master’s programs are considered.&nbsp;The necessity of value added idea in Master’s Training is proved, structural model and methods of&nbsp;value added estimation are presented. Master’s programs experience of some Russian and foreign&nbsp;universities is considered. A number of recommendations on reforming and developing Higher&nbsp;Education system for providing high value added of Master’s training are given.</p> 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3299 Перспективы развития транспортировки и переработки российской нефти 2018-12-13T20:49:02+03:00 Алексей Владимирович Уразгалиев duppy69@yandex.ru <p>In the article, the perspective directions of transportation and processing of Russian oil are&nbsp;analyzed. The author shows advantages of the present state and plans on deliveries of crude&nbsp;and mineral oil through pipelines. The author analyzes the tasks needed to be solved for increasing&nbsp;crude oil processing and mineral oil delivering.</p> 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3303 Крестьянская реформа в России 1861 г.: кредитно-денежный аспект 2018-12-13T20:49:02+03:00 Людмила Витальевна Каленюк kalenuk@hotmail.com <p>In the article, it is assumed that there were relationship between the credit institutions&nbsp;reorganization and the rural reform of 1861. Before the rural reform, Russian Government&nbsp;decided to reorganize existed credit institutions. In 1860, the National Bank of Russia has been established in order to cover of the State budget deficit. Later, the National Bank has&nbsp;been authorized to control the redemption procedure. The redemption operation made able to&nbsp;cover outstanding debts of the landed classes to the former credit institutions. Also, the author&nbsp;provides a short review of reforms held in 60-80s of 19th century in Russia, such as tax system&nbsp;reforms, government planning and control reforms.</p> 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3304 Проблема качества высшего образования: российский и международный опыт 2018-12-13T20:49:02+03:00 Никита Борисович Лебедев nikitalebedev@yandex.ru <p>The article is focused on the analysis of education reform as a whole and present condition&nbsp;of the system of Higher Education in Russia. It covers problems of organization of learning&nbsp;process in the universities and its quality assessment. The author considers the learning process&nbsp;from a position of authorities, educational institutions and ordinary consumers of educational&nbsp;services.</p> 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3305 Хозяйственные объединения в инновационной экономике: обзор материалов круглого стола 2018-12-13T20:49:02+03:00 Наталья Юрьевна Нестеренко epmailbox@econ.pu.ru 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3312 Предпринимательство и реформы в России: XIV международная конференция молодых ученых-экономистов 2018-12-13T20:49:02+03:00 Дмитрий Николаевич Колесов d.kolesov@econ.pu.ru 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3313 Экономическое развитие России и Китая: по материалам круглого стола 2018-12-13T20:49:02+03:00 Владимир Евгеньевич Кузнецов vestnik@econ.pu.ru 2018-12-13T20:24:18+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/3314 Цвайнерт Й. И. История экономической мысли в России. 1805–1905 / Пер. с нем. Под. ред. В. С. Автономова. М.: Издат. дом. ГУ ВШЭ, 2008. – 410 с. 2018-12-13T20:49:02+03:00 Михаил Алексеевич Румянцев m.rumyantsev@econ.pu.ru 2009-03-30T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##