Источники и последствия «технологической стагнации» глобальной экономики

  • Александр Андреевич Мальцев Уральский государственный экономический университет, Российская Федерация, 620144, Екатеринбург, ул. 8 Марта/Народной Воли, 62/45

Аннотация

В статье предпринята попытка показать взаимосвязь между технологической стагнацией и кризисными моментами в развитии современной мировой экономики. Основное внимание сосредоточено на выявлении первопричин инновационной паузы. Анализ показал, что технологическая стагнация вызвана стечением целого ряда мирохозяйственных обстоятельств, в совокупности оказавших дестимулирующее воздействие на технологический прогресс. Главным из них стала интеграция в мировую экономику трудоизбыточных развивающихся рынков, спровоцировавших снижение капиталонасыщенности. В результате глобальный бизнес предпочел переориентировать инновационный процесс на создание «улучшающих» нововведений, не способных обеспечить рост доходов широких слоев населения и увеличение производительности труда. К важнейшим последствиям инновационной паузы отнесены деиндустриализация хозяйственных систем развитых стран и вызванная переходом к финансиализированной модели хозяйствования эрозия государств всеобщего благоденствия. Доказано прочное укоренение парадигмы «запланированного устаревания» и феномена «микроволновой ментальности» как следствие затягивания инновационной паузы. Библиогр. 115 назв.

Ключевые слова:

государство всеобщего благоденствия, деиндустриализация, контролируемое устаревание, технологический тупик, финансиализация

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Биография автора

Александр Андреевич Мальцев, Уральский государственный экономический университет, Российская Федерация, 620144, Екатеринбург, ул. 8 Марта/Народной Воли, 62/45

кандидат экономических наук, доцент

Литература

Литература на русском языке

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Translation of references in Russian into English

Опубликован
2014-09-30
Как цитировать
Мальцев, А. А. (2014). Источники и последствия «технологической стагнации» глобальной экономики. Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Экономика, (3), 067 - 085. извлечено от https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/1826
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Мировая экономика