Investigation of Sanctions and Oil Price Effects on the Iran-Russia Trade by Using the Gravity Model

  • Ehsan Rasoulinezhad Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет, Российская Федерация, 199034, Санкт-Петербург, Университетская наб., 7–9

Аннотация

Принято считать, что санкции, введенные в 2006 г., оказали негативное влияние на экономику Ирана и серьезно ухудшили его экономические отношения с другими странами мира. Действительно, введение санкций в отношении Ирана осложнило развитие его внешней торговли, ухудшило доступ к мировым рынкам и привело к определенной экономической изоляции страны. Из-за высокой зависимости Ирана от нефтяных доходов экономика этой страны
крайне чувствительна к мировым ценам на нефть. Колебания цен на мировом рынке нефти оказывают значительное влияние на внешнюю торговлю Ирана. В данной статье рассматривается воздействие различных санкций (финансового и нефинансового характера), а также колебаний мировых цен на нефть на взаимную торговлю Ирана и России в период с 1994 по 2013 г. на основе использования гравитационной модели. Результаты исследования показали, что на двустороннюю торговлю наиболее негативное влияние из названных факторов оказывают финансовые санкции, тогда как отрицательное воздействие нефинансовых санкций и резких колебаний мировых нефтяных цен является менее значимым. Библиогр. 37 назв. Ил. 6. Табл. 7.

 

Ключевые слова:

санкции, нефтяная цена, ирано-российская торговля, гравитационная модель

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Биография автора

Ehsan Rasoulinezhad, Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет, Российская Федерация, 199034, Санкт-Петербург, Университетская наб., 7–9

аспирант

Литература

Литература на русском языке


References in Latin Alphabet


Translation of references in Russian into English

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Опубликован
2016-06-30
Как цитировать
Rasoulinezhad, E. (2016). Investigation of Sanctions and Oil Price Effects on the Iran-Russia Trade by Using the Gravity Model. Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Экономика, (2), 068 - 084. https://doi.org/10.21638/11701/spbu05.2016.204
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Раздел
Мировая экономика