Techniques, Technologies, and Politics of Crisis and Post-Crisis Economics: Anglo- American Macroeconomics and Alternatives

  • Jeffrey K. Hass Принстонский университет, Princeton, NJ 08544; Университет Ричмонда, 410 Westhampton Way University of Richmond, VA 23173; Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет, Российская Федерация, 199034, Санкт-Петербург, Университетская наб., 7–9

Аннотация

В статье предпринята попытка критического осмысления дебатов и теорий применительно к кризисной экономике 2008 г. и последующих росте и стагнации. Помимо официальных публикаций, в данной статье анализируются также блоги известных экономистов — ключевых участников публичного обсуждения экономической политики. В рамках общей логики экономической социологии и политической экономии, в том числе рассматривая глубинные основы
экономической практики (прежде всего, власть и культуру), автор исследует три вопроса о теоретических основах и свойствах посткризисного роста или отсутствия такового: 1) инструменты: дискуссии экономистов сосредоточены прежде всего на имеющихся в распоряжении государства и других субъектов инструментах (политики и т. п.) для воздействия на экономику в ущерб критическому подходу; 2) методы: в спорах вокруг экономики обычно недостаточно
внимания уделяется институциональным инструментам и методам воздействия на экономику, что ограничивает применение экономических теорий и мнений ученых, а также способствует доминированию про-рыночного направления в экономической науке; 3) политика: экономисты комментируют политику при обсуждении инструментов экономического регулирования, а также сами инструменты; при этом политика всегда остается некой данностью (endogenous) в дискуссиях, в теории и в моделях, порождая фатальную слабость экономической теории, что видно на протяжении десятилетий.

В этой связи в статье анализируется альтернативная парадигма, основанная на политической экономии и экономической социологии, предметом которых являются (и таким образом становятся эндогенными) институты, государства и элиты, логика капитализма и власти. В заключительной части статьи в рамках данной парадигмы даны предложения, касающиеся кризисной и посткризисной экономики. Библиогр. 76 назв.

Ключевые слова:

кризис 2008, макроэкономика, кейнсианство, Кругман, политическая экономия, экономическая социология, теория поля

Скачивания

Данные скачивания пока недоступны.

Биография автора

Jeffrey K. Hass, Принстонский университет, Princeton, NJ 08544; Университет Ричмонда, 410 Westhampton Way University of Richmond, VA 23173; Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет, Российская Федерация, 199034, Санкт-Петербург, Университетская наб., 7–9

доктор философии, Принстонский университет; профессор социологии, Университет Ричмонда

Литература

Литература на русском языке


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Translation of references in Russian into English

Опубликован
2014-12-30
Как цитировать
Hass, J. K. (2014). Techniques, Technologies, and Politics of Crisis and Post-Crisis Economics: Anglo- American Macroeconomics and Alternatives. Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Экономика, (4), 004 - 027. извлечено от https://economicsjournal.spbu.ru/article/view/2025
Выпуск
Раздел
Экономическая теория в историческом развитии